city of Carcassonne is an absolute ‘must see' when you
visit the Languedoc. Carcassonne
is located at the crossroads of two main circulation routes used since
Ancient times, the east-west axis runs from the Atlantic to the
Mediterranean, and the North South axis joins the Massif Central to
is the jewel
of the region, the medieval Cité is the largest fortified town in
Europe still in existence. It is composed of two gigantic ramparts each
flanked by 26 towers, stretching over a length of almost 3 km.
the Ville Basse (Lower Town) to the Ville Haute (Upper Town) the
solitary or accompanied tourist can admire the remains of over 2000
years of history, left successively by the Romans, Wisigoths, Sarrasins
and other crusaders.
town enjoyed exceptional influence during the Trencavel dynasty (from
1089 to 1209), and it was during this period that Catharism developed.
Mandatory visits include : the Château Comtal and it Musée Lapidaire,
the Basilique Saint Nazaire the Portes Narbonnaises, and the Tour du
walk around the Lices (outer bailey) provides moments of intense
Ville Basse (Lower Town) was created after the crusades on the left bank
of the Aude, based on a grid lay-out which is still perfectly visible
today. Its bustling shopping streets, its squares and private mansions
are also worth a visit. Carcassonne is one of the finest examples of the
history of the Aude.